Dents in wood flooring are when there is a depression in the wood's surface. They come in a variety of shapes and sizes, ranging from small nicks to relatively deep indentations. It is almost inevitable that flooring will suffer from denting at some stage, and any damage must be repaired early in order to avoid further issues further down the line. This will help to keep the floor in good condition.
When wood fibres compress under high pressure, denting is caused in the flooring. Items that apply such pressure include, sofas on wheels, other items of furniture on legs, grit and dirt from the bottom of shoes and hard objects falling just to name a few. High heels however are one of the more common causes of denting in flooring. They can subject the floor to pressures in excess of 2000psi and are often the reason why numerous dents are present in a wood floor.
When a certain type of denting occurs, localised repair may be appropriate. Localised repair is considered to be more compatible with oiled or waxed finished floors. Smaller dents in a wood surface where the fibres may not have necessarily been broken are often repaired by covering the affected area with a towel and placing a steam iron on the spot repeatedly. This should restore the floor back to a smooth and even surface. A method such as this cannot resolve all denting issue, as it is less effective on dense timbers such as Maple.
Alternatively, if the dents are deeper, the first step should be to examine the nature of the damage in order to find the most suitable solution for the problem. The next step involves removing the finish from the area of concern and filling the indentation. This process must be completed by sanding the newly filled area and spot finishing.
In the most extreme cases, the entire floor may need to be completely renovated. This involves a complete sanding job followed by a refinish.